Romania needs a proper charging infrastructure Start.

Based on the latest discutions at FOREN 2016 regarding EV charging infrastructure developing in Romania we feel the need to post the following:

AVER sustain AVERE position on the charging of electric vehicles.
key requirements for the rollout of a successful Electric Vehicle charging infrastructure:

    1 Consumer convenience for charging and financial transactions no matter where the customer is.
  • a. No roaming charging for customers, no subscriptions (= todays gas stations). When it comes to recharging, we should use the electric car as easily as a regular fuelled car, e.g., someone in Luxembourg should be able to charge its car in Belgium or Germany with the same card as it does in its home country, paying only the local fare, without extra costs for being abroad.
  • b. “Plug and play”, a customer plugs in the car and charging starts automatically, payment handled automatically. This is technologically possible, will lower system cost and enable additional business models and facilitate “company car” charging at home.
  • c. Customer can choose how and when its EV participates in V2G programmes.
    1. 2 Lowest overall cost related to the charging concerning vehicle, charging infrastructure and utility level (excluding electricity cost), translating in lowest possible prices for consumers. The rates for normal power charging will be the determining factor in the total cost of ownership for electric vehicles as fast charging is used mostly occasionally.
  • a. For normal and high power charging (from 3 – 450 kW)
  • b. Cable as well as wireless charging needs to be supported.
    1. 3 Enabling the integration of vehicle and grid and moving towards a future whereby the total system cost of EV driving, charging of electric vehicles and the integration of renewable energy is minimal.
      4 The use of open systems, architectures and protocols to promote the development of new technologies and business models and to prevent lock-in situations. This for all vehicles.
      5 At a minimum in a transition phase: readily available and reliable information on where suitable charging stations can be found, if possible with real-time availability. An EU-wide website/app would be a booster for EV adoption, as most countries do not have reliable data on this. “Real-time availability” feature will become critical (and reservation option?!) as charging stations become increasingly crowded and the user needs to know in advance if a charger is available or not. Portugal has a registration obligation for charging stations (Mobi-e) and also requires service operators to follow the same rules and standards.

on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure
    Key points from the Directive
    The 94-2014-EU directive of October 22, 2014, on the deployment of infrastructure for alternative fuels, defines standards for electric vehicles charging sockets for motor vehicles category.
    Normal charge (up to 22kW according to directive), standard is “Type 2” plug. Stakeholders are divided over the interpretation of the Directive whether this applies to both public as well as “private” charging points. “Member States shall ensure that normal power recharging points for electric vehicles, excluding wireless or inductive units, deployed or renewed as from 18 November 2017, comply at least with the technical specifications set out in point 1.1 of Annex II and with specific safety requirements in force at national level.” Important to note is that the standard is defined for “interoperability purposes”, suggesting that it is for publicly accessible recharging points (socket outlets). This disposition is applicable only for charging powers above 3.7 kW, regardless whether these are publicly accessible or not. Regarding fast charging (more than 22kW), according to the directive), it is the same thing. The standard imposed DC fast charging with at least “Combo 2” plugs (or connectors). For AC high power charging the standard is “Type 2”. Other standards such as Chademo: “Member States shall ensure that high power recharging points for electric vehicles, excluding wireless or inductive units, deployed or renewed as from 18 November 2017, comply at least with the technical specifications set out in point 1.2 of Annex II.”

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